WHAT IS INDIAN CIVIL SERVICE?
Indian civil service is the steel frame on which the governance of the whole nation is structured. Governance of a democratic country like ours is managed by the bureaucrats irrespective of the type of government in power. The country may have an elected government(of any party or coalition), or a dictator or a king or a military regime at the helm of affairs or it may be under the President’s rule, but the civil services would certainly be in place and the government machinery would continue to function as per the policies formed. Thus it is actually the people in the civil services who implement the crucial policy decisions of the government in power. Hence it is of utmost importance to have sincere, dedicated, patriotic and intelligent people with a national sprit, in these services so that the country heads in the right direction. Our young generations are the ones to run the country and thus the world’s governance in the future. Hence they need to be molded and nurtured in the most appropriate manner to accomplish this task.
The most prestigious appointment a citizen of India can get is in to the Civil services. It is the President of the country who appoints the candidates in the A grade civil services of the country. The power, prestige, social status and financial benefits in addition to the innumerable opportunities to be working with the top brass of the country and often of other countries as well, makes these the most prestigious positions everyone vies for.
The selection is conducted by Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). There are three marked stages in the selection process namely i) CSAT, ii) Mains and iii) Interview.
i) Civil Services Aptitude Test (CSAT)
This paper was earlier known as the Prelims or Preliminary. This part consists of two papers of 200 marks each. Nearly 4, 00,000 aspirants appear for the CST every year of which around ten percent get qualified.
CSAT Paper I.
This test measures the candidate’s analyzing skills rather than the memory capacity. The questions are multiple choice objective type with four answer options. The candidate will have to select the option which is more likely to be correct. That means all the other three options may also be right. Negative marking would be applicable for wrong answers.
CSAT Paper II
This paper consist of Logical reasoning and analytical skills, English language comprehension skills, Inter personal skills, Basic numeracy, Quick Decision making and problem solving skills, Data interpretation, Data sufficiency etc.
ii) Main paper
This is a descriptive paper for 2000 marks. The candidate can select two subjects of his choice from the list of 27 subjects approved by UPSC. The subjects include Humanity subjects, science, mathematics etc. The papers/subjects for this section should be selected cautiously after considering the depth and volume of one’s knowledge.
This is the phase where the candidate’s personality is put to test. Since the general and in depth knowledge in subjects have already been measured in the first two sections, this part focuses on whether the candidate is suitable for Civil services. The questions would include those on one’s family background, hobbies, education etc. The board would ask your opinion on various national and international issues. You are free to take any stand but should substantiate your claims and support your views with proofs and evidences. Say only the truth because or else you would most certainly be caught. Saying NO or I DO NOT KNOW as an answer is not bad or wrong. It is better to use simple, clear and unambiguous sentences as answers. Remember, your language skills are not being tested here. Mistakes in the sentences that you frame might send out an impression that you are not very clear in your opinion. It is better to answer after a pause once you hear and understand the question.
The eligibility for appearing in Civil Services examination is a Graduation in any discipline. Details regarding the application, fees and dates etc would be published by UPSC in all leading daily newspapers.
Types of Indian Civil Services
All India Services
• Indian Administrative Service
• India Foreign Service
• Indian Police Service
Group A Services
• Indian P & T Accounts & Finance Service
• Indian Audit and Accounts Service
• Indian Revenue Service (Customs and Central Excise)
• Indian Defence Accounts Service
• Indian Revenue Service (I.T.)
• Indian Ordnance Factories Service (Assistant Works Manager, Administration)
• Indian Postal Service
• Indian Civil Accounts Service
• Indian Railway Traffic Service
• Indian Railway Accounts Service
• Indian Railway Personnel Service
• Post of Assistant Security Commissioner in Railway Protection Force
• Indian Defence Estates Service
• Indian Information Service (Junior Grade)
• Indian Trade Service, Group ‘A’ (Gr. III)
• Indian Corporate Law Service
Group – B Services
• Armed Forces Headquarters Civil Service (Section Officer’s Grade)
• Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli Civil Service
• Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli Police Service
• Pondicherry Civil Service
• Pondicherry Police Service